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CRUD With Scaffolding

Goals

    At the core, most database driven web sites are the same. They need to store records and provide a way to do the following:

    • Create new records in the database
    • Read or show the records in the database
    • Update existing records
    • Destroy or delete records

    Because these 4 actions (CRUD) are so common, Rails includes the scaffold command to make creating them easier.

Steps

Step 1

Type this in the terminal:
rails server

Now is a good time to figure out how to have multiple tabs or windows of your terminal or command prompt. Starting and stopping the Rails server all day is tedious, so it's good to have one terminal tab or window for running commands, and a separate one for the server.

Step 2

Point your browser to http://localhost:3000/topics

You should see the "Listing topics" page with headers for title and description, and a link to add a new topic:

Screenshot of topic list page

Step 3

  • Click "New Topic"
  • Fill in the form and click "Create Topic"
  • You should see a page showing your new topic with a message that your topic was successfully created:
Screenshot of topic detail page with confirmation message

Step 4

  • Click "Back"
  • You should see the topic list again, this time with your new topic listed:

Screenshot of topic list with new topic

  • Try the "Show", "Edit", and "Destroy" links to see what they do
  • You've created a basic database driven web site, congrats!

Explanation

How did all those pages get created and hooked together? The Rails scaffold did it for you.

Let's take a closer look at some of the files Rails created:

  • app/models/topic.rb

    • This file contains code for our topic model. If you look at it, it's nearly blank. Creating, reading, updating, and deleting records are built into Rails.
  • app/views/topics

    • This folder contains all the views for our topics model. This is where the code for the forms you used above is stored. Rails created all of these pages as part of the scaffold.
    • If you've written HTML before, many lines in the views should look familiar. Rails views are HTML with some extra code added to display data from the database.
  • app/views/topics/index.html.erb

    • This is the code for the page that lists all the topics.
    • Index is the name given to the "default" page for a web site or a section of a web site. When you navigate to http://localhost:3000/topics the topics index page is what is sent to your computer.
  • app/views/topics/show.html.erb

    • This is the page you get when you click the "Show" link on the "Listing topics" page.
  • app/views/topics/new.html.erb

    • This is the page you get when you click "New Topic".
  • app/views/topics/edit.html.erb

    • This is the page you get when you click "Edit".
  • app/views/topics/_form.html.erb

    • You may have noticed that the page for new topics and the page to edit topics looked similar. That's because they both use the code from this file to show a form. This file is called a partial since it only contains code for part of a page. Partials always have filenames starting with an underscore character.
    • Challenge question: Can you find the line of code in new.html.erb and edit.html.erb that makes the form partial appear?
  • app/controllers/topics_controller.rb

    • This is the controller file that Rails created as part of the scaffold
    • If you look you'll see a method (a line beginning with def) for each of the views listed above (except _form.html.erb)

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